2020     Some metal scraps are a 2,000-year-old discharge record of a sailor in the Roman navy


Experts have been able to interpret these items as belonging to a Roman sailor who served in the military dating as far back as 150. Research has shown that these bits of copper alloy formed what is referred to as a Fleet Diploma, or discharge papers. The document would have been issued by the Roman emperor Antoninus Pius to the sailor Tigernos, a native of Lanchester, who completed his 26 years of active service.


2020     Medieval walls of the city of Avila, Spain


  • The great fortified walls that surround the medieval city of Ávila date back to the end of the 11th century, built to defend the town’s population against the threat of the Moorish armies. Stretching for 1.5 miles with over 80 towers and 9 gates, these stone walls have been incredibly well-preserved over the centuries, and are considered among the finest medieval walls in all Europe.



2019     The story of St. Patrick and the traditional celebration on March 17


  • Ireland celebrates Saint Patrick every March 17. But how many of us can really say that we know who he is -- or who he was -- and how relevant he is in today's secular and, for the most part, pagan society?
  • Saint Patrick is not only the Patron Saint of Ireland, but he is also the Patron Saint of Australia, Nigeria, and Montserrat, which gives him a universal recognition in the Church and in the world. He is also "Apostle" by God's design to the Irish worldwide in the same genre as Saint Paul was "Apostle to the Gentiles."


2019     The women of Sparta wrestled, danced, and drank


  • The maidens of Sparta spent long hours under the bright sun. They pumped their legs and swung their arms, they sprinted and grappled, they lifted their voices in choruses. One song likened a beautiful woman to a horse with strong haunches and clamorous hooves.

    At least, that’s what scholars suspect. Piecing together what we know of the women of Sparta, the famously ferocious Greek city-state that flourished from the seventh to the fourth centuries BC, is a bit like reassembling the jumbled fragments of a mosaic. The ancient world exists only in pieces, literal and figurative—and that’s especially true for Sparta.


2017     Progressive map of Ancient Rome, 753 BCE to 1453 CE (more than 2200 years!)


  • ‘Every Year in the History of Rome’ from YouTube creator Ollie Bye. Starting from the misty beginnings of the Kingdom of Rome in 753 BC until the fall of the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire) and the capture of Constantinople by the Ottoman Empire in 1453 AD, the various manifestations of Roman civilization lasted an astonishing 2206 years. While early Roman civilization had very little in common with the late Byzantine Empire, the fact that Romans, in one form or another, were able to maintain continuous sovereignty over large swaths of the Mediterranean Basin for so long is one of the most exceptional sagas in all of history.